Considered a Biblical Paradise by naturalist Antonio de Leon Pinedo during the eighteenth century, Urubamba is today one of the most beautiful cities in the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
The capital of Urubamba has the same name and is located 57 km. northwest of Cusco down the Chinchero route. It is 2,875 masl over a beautiful plateau that separates the central and eastern Andes on the right side of the Urubamba river.
The beautiful province of Urubamba, northeast of Cusco, borders with La Convencion, Cusco, Anta and Calca provinces.
The Vilcanota river crosses this city, and then changes its name to the Urubamba river.
The incas, experts on land matters, chose this fertile valley to establish their main settlements, which is why the province of Urubamba was formed by the district where the main architectural monuments are found: Urubamba, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero, Huayllabamba, Machupicchu, Maras and Yucay.
Urubamba was one of the main agricultural centers of the Empire. Close to the San Francisco Church one can find huge Inca platforms. There are also pre-Hispanic walls which were the basis for colonial construction.
Politically, Urubamba was created by a government decree on June 21, 1,825 and on November 1,839, it was decided that the Village of Urubamba be upgraded to " The worthy city of Urubamba" when Agustin Gamarra was president. Law 14135 on June 18, 1,962 dubbed it the "Archaeological Province of Peru" due to the architectural complex there.
The Urubamba Valley is one of the most productive ones in the country. This is where the best corn in the world is produced and during the rainy season, top-quality fruit like peaches and strawberries are abundant.
This city has a perfect climate all year round and has a beautiful landscape with a panoramic view of the valley and the breathtaking snow-capped peaks of the Vilcanota mountain range. It is a perfect spot for adventure sports like trekking, rafting, mountain biking and horse-riding.